Here are two very old limericks. They are from a book published in 1846 by Edward Lear, titled “A Book of Nonsense”. Remember, limericks emphasize English sentence stress. In both of these limericks, here is the number of strong words in each line: Line 1- 3 Line 2- 3 Line 3- 2 Line 4- 2… Read More Two Limericks
A limerick is a special kind of rhyme that uses a specific rhythm pattern — and limericks usually tell a funny or silly story. Here is an example: I knew a man whose name was Shaw. He ate a rock and broke his jaw. What do you think? He said, with a wink. Perhaps it’s… Read More Sentence Stress and Limericks
The vowel “U” is a bit unique because it has two Long-vowel sounds. The two sounds are very similar, but they are used in different situations. So, how do you know which one to choose? It all depends on which letter comes just before the Long-U. Long-U-2 (/uw/) Long-U-2 is used after sounds that are… Read More Long-U: 1 or 2?
The vowel system is the most complicated part of the pronunciation-spelling system of English, because each vowel letter represents three or four different vowel sounds. The letter “U” has three different sounds, but one thing that is unique about “U” is that it has two Long-vowel sounds. The basic sounds of the English letter “U”… Read More The Sounds of U
Reductions and Formality The rhythm of English sentences causes weak words to be reduced, but the amount of reduction varies according to formality. As a general rule, in more formal situations, there are less reductions, while in casual, or informal, conversations weak words tend to be more reduced. As an example, I will say one sentence… Read More Sentence Stress Part 6
The rhythm of English sentences, or sentence stress, causes weak words to be reduced. Reduced words have some of their sounds missing, so that they can be spoken more easily and quickly. However, this can make it really crazy for students of English –especially beginners– because sometimes some of the weak words end up sounding… Read More Sentence Stress Part 5 Confusable Reductions
Sentence stress is the combination of strong words and weak words in a sentence, which creates a sort of rhythm. Strong words, such as nouns and verbs, are spoken stronger and more clearly than weak words, such as articles, pronouns or prepositions. (See Sentence Stress Part 2) Weak words are not usually pronounced very clearly… Read More Sentence Stress Part 4 – Common Reductions